Extensive List of Languages of Norway: Spoken and Extinct Languages

:: List of Languages ::

Finnish, Kven
[fkv] 6,500 (1998 The Federation of Norwegian Kven People). North; Tromso and Finnmark counties, Ruija, Kveeniland; Tromso City; Oteren, Skibotn, Storslett, Kvaenangsbotn, Nordreisa, Alta, Borselv, Neiden, Bygoynes, Vadso. Alternate names: Kven, North Finnish. Dialects: Standard Finnish [fin] speakers generally understand, except for some vocabulary. More similar to Tornedalen Finnish [fit] (see Sweden) than to Standard Finnish. Various dialects: northern west coast varieties differ from eastern ones. Kven has integrated Norwegian loans, whereas Tornedalen has integrated Swedish [swe] loans. Classification: Uralic, Finnic

[nor] 4,640,000. Dialects: Bokmål, Nynorsk. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Danish-Bokmal

Norwegian Sign Language
[nsl] 4,000 (Van Cleve 1986). Dialects: Holmestrand, Oslo, Trondheim. Intelligible with Danish [dsl] and Swedish [swl] sign languages with only moderate difficulty. Not intelligible with Finnish Sign Language [fse]. Classification: Deaf sign language

Norwegian, Traveller
[rmg] Alternate names: Norwegian Traveller, Rodi. Dialects: Based on Norwegian with heavy lexical borrowing from Northern Romani varieties and German Rotwelsch [rmd]. Not intelligible with Angloromani [rme]. Classification: Mixed language, Norwegian-Romani

Romani, Tavringer
[rmu] 6,000 in Norway (1998 Hallman). East and north. Alternate names: Rommani, Svensk Rommani, “Tattare” , Traveller Swedish. Classification: Mixed language, Swedish-Romani

Romani, Vlax
[rmy] 500 in Norway (Johnstone 1993). 3,500 ethnicGypsies in Norway. Dialects: Lovari. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax

Saami, Lule
[smj] 500 in Norway (Krauss 1995). Ethnic population: 1,000 to 2,000 in Norway (Krauss 1995). 31,600 to 42,600 ethnic Sámi in Norway (1995). Tysfjord, Hamaroy, and Folden. Alternate names: Lule, Saame. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern

Saami, North
[sme] 15,000 in Norway (Krauss 1995). Population total all countries: 20,700. Ethnic population: 30,000 to 40,000 in Norway (Krauss 1995). Finnmark, Troms, Nordland, Ofoten. Also in Finland, Sweden. Alternate names: “Lapp” , “Northern Lappish” , Northern Saami, “Norwegian Lapp” , Saami, Same, Samic. Dialects: Ruija, Torne, Sea Lappish. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern

Saami, Pite
[sje] Between Saltenfjord and Ranenfjord. Alternate names: “Lapp” , Pite. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern Nearly extinct.

Saami, South
[sma] 300 in Norway (Krauss 1995). Ethnic population: 600 in Norway. Hatfjelldal and Wefsen, south to Elga. Alternate names: “Northern Lappish” , “Norwegian Lapp” , Saami, Same, Samic. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Southern

:: Reference ::
Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.), 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version:

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