Geography of Egypt: Important Geographical Information about Egypt

Egypt’s Geography and Regions

From the Nile Valley, where timeless customs resist the pace of modern cities, to the solitary desert, from the diversity of the Sinai Peninsula to the lush oases, exotic underwater of the Red Sea and Mediterranean beaches, Egypt continues to attract millions of tourists each year! It is hard not to think of Egypt without imagining the Sphinx, the pyramids at Giza, Luxor, temples of Karnak or Philae, the Valley of the Kings and the Nile. Egypt is considered the world’s largest open-air museum. It’s geological history has produced four major physical regions:

The Nile Valley and Delta: the Nile Valley (canyon running 660 miles long with a floodplain occupying 4,250 square miles) and Nile Delta (8,500 square miles) are the most important Egyptian regions, because they are the only cultivable regions and support about 99% of the population. The Nile Valley and Delta, the most extensive oasis on earth, was created by the Nile, the world’s largest river.

The Western Desert (the Libyan Desert) The Western Desert covers about 700,000 square kilometers and is one of the vastest desert areas in the world. It contains 5 oases: Siwa , farafra , Dakhla , Baharia and Kharga and the Grand Sand Sea. The Great Sand Sea lies within the desert’s plain and extends from the Siwa Oasis to Jilf al Kabir. The famous Valley of the Kings stands on the west bank of the Nile, in Thebes (modern Luxor). The pyramids of Giza, are located in Giza, on the west bank of Nile River. The Pyramid of Cheops is located at the northern edge of the Giza plateau, is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

The Sinai Peninsula: This triangular area that looks very similar to the moon surface covers an area of 61,100 square km. The mountains located on the southern Sinai peninsula reach over 2600 meters (8530 feet high). The range is an extension of the Red Sea Hills and includes: Mount Catherine (Jabal Katrinah), the country’s highest point–2,642 m.

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