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Enjoying Nasi Goreng, the National Dish of Indonesia

Enjoying Nasi Goreng, the National Dish of Indonesia
on May, 09 2013

For many Asian countries, rice is a staple meal, even for breakfast. In Indonesia, their take on fried rice is called Nasi goreng, as the word literally translates to “fried rice”. Though there are many popular food items from Indonesia such as Gado-Gado, satay and even bakmi (noodles), Nasi Goreng remains to be one of the most popular and one of the most satisfying.

Nasi goreng may be enjoyed anywhere in Indonesia, but it can also be found in Singapore, Malaysia and even as far as the Netherlands. In any Indonesian restaurant anywhere in the world, it is a standard menu item as well, proving the popularity of the dish. Nasi goreng is enjoyed by all social classes and can be purchased anywhere from the most posh Indonesian restaurant in the country, to some roadside warung (street vendor) in Bali or food market in Jakarta. Today, it can even be purchased in microwavable paper cups at many local convenience stores in many cities in Indonesia.

What’s in it
Nasi goreng is made with rice, mixed with a number of ingredients such as egg, chicken and some seafood such as prawns or even salted dried fish, known as ikan asin. For flavoring, sweet soy sauce or kecap manis, garlic, tamarind, chili and shallots are added. It is the kecap manis that gives Nasi goreng its distinct flavor and it is what sets it apart from Chinese fried rice and other fried rice variants.

How it’s made
Just like many things in life, Nasi goreng evolved out of practical reasons. Just like fried rice from other countries, Indonesian fried rice came to be as a way of recycling food rather than throwing it away. Rather than disposing of the leftover rice from last night’s dinner, Indonesians decided to fry it for breakfast the next day. This is also why it includes chicken and seafood scraps, which are most likely from last night’s dinner as well.

Where it is from
It is said that it is the Chinese that influenced the Indonesians to make Nasi goreng. The stir-frying technique used in preparing the dish has its roots from Southern China. As far back as the 10th century, the Indonesians and Chinese have been in trade, allowing for many Chinese immigrants to settle into the Indonesian islands.

With the basic recipe of Nasi goreng in place, many variations have been made with the dish. If made with fried rice, it is called Nasi Goreng Sapi, but if it is made with pork, then it is called Nasi Goreng Babi. If it is served with fried noodles or Mei goreng, then it is referred to as Nasi goreng magelangan or Nasi Ruwet. If you like your fried rice more like Japan’s yakimeshi or chahan, then you will like Nasi goreng Hong Kong.

Nasi goreng can be topped with krupuk or prawn crackers or even served with a side of acar or pickled vegetables. For some extra spice, some sambal can be added. Whether you like your fried rice spicy or served with curry, Nasi goreng can surely be enjoyed any time of the day.

Bernadine Racoma

Bernadine is a writer, researcher, professional and multi-awarded blogger and new media consultant. She brings with her a rich set of experience in the corporate world, as well as in the field of research and writing. Having taken early retirement after working as an international civil servant and traveling the world for 22 years, she has aggressively pursued her main interest in writing and research. You can also find Bernadine Racoma at .

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